Australian Classical Liberals and Libertarians

[Created: 16 Jan. 2017]
[Updated: January 31, 2023 ]

19th Century: William Hearn (1826-1888) | Bruce Smith (1851-1937)
20th Century: Robert Menzies (1894-1978) | The Workers Party (1975)
| John Hewson (1946-)


The Nineteenth Century

William Edward Hearn (1826-1888)



William Edward Hearn, Plutology or the Theory of the Efforts to Satisfy Human Wants (Melbourne: George Robertson, 1863; London: Macmillan and Co., 1864).


William Edward Hearn, The Government of England: Its Structure and its Development (London: Longmans, Green, Reader, and Dyer; Melbourne: George Robertson, 1868).


William Edward Hearn, The Aryan Household: Its Structure and its Development. An Introduction to Comparative Jurisprudence (Melbourne: George Robertson, 1878)


William Edward Hearn, The Theory of Legal Duty and Rights: An Introduction to Analytical Jurisprudence (Melbourne: John Ferres, Government Printer, 1883).



Arthur Bruce Smith (1851–1937)

Information about Bruce Smith (1851–1937)


Bruce Smith, Liberty and Liberalism: A Protest against the growing Tendency toward undue Interference by the State, with Individual Liberty, Private Enterprise and the Rights of Property (London: Longmans, Green, and Co. and New York: 15 East 16Th Street, 1887).


Bruce Smith, Truisms of Statecraft: An Attempt to Define, in General Terms, the Origin, Growth, Purpose, and Possibilities, of Popular Government (London: Longmans, 1921).



The Twentieth Century

Robert Gordon Menzies (1894-1978)



Robert Gordon Menzies, The Forgotten People: and Other Studies in Democracy (Sydney: Angus and Robertson, 1943).

These broadcasts were made over the radio between 22 May, 1942 and 20 November, 1942.



The Workers Party (1975)

The Workers Party Platform (1975): “No man or group of men has the right to initiate the use of force, fraud or coercion against another man or group of men”.



John Robert Hewson (1946- )



Fightback! Taxation and Expenditure Reform for Jobs and Growth. The Liberal and National Parties’ Plan to rebuild and reward Australia (21 November 1991).

  • Parliament of Australia website: text in facs. PDF and a poorly OCR’ed HTML from same.