[Lieut. Col. John Jubbes], Several Proposals for Peace & Freedom (22 December, 1648).

Note: This is part of the Leveller Collection of Tracts and Pamphlets.

Editor’s Introduction

(Placeholder: Text will be added later.)



Bibliographical Information

ID Number

T.169 [1648.12.22] [Lieut. Col. John Jubbes], Several Proposals for Peace & Freedom (22 December, 1648).

Full title

[Lieut. Col. John Jubbes], Several Proposals for Peace & Freedom by an Agreement of the People, Offered unto Commissary General Ireton for the Concurrence of the Army, by the Approbation and Consent of many worthy Persons of the Common Councel And others of the City of London, on the Eleventh of this instant December, To be Agreed unto, and Subscribed by all the Inhabitants of England & Wales.
London: Printed for J. Hanes, Decemb. 22. 1648.

Estimated date of publication

22 December, 1648.

Thomason Tracts Catalog information

TT1, p. 700; Thomason E. 477. (18.).



Text of Pamphlet


WHereas those His Majesties failings published to us and the World by the several Declarations and Remonstrances of Parliament cannot be denyed, whereby, through the violation of his Oath and Covenant made unto the People at his Coronation, all our late and present Woe and Miseries of War both in England and Ireland have come; as also the great Divisions amongst our most worthy and eminent persons of the Commonwealth, with the great distempered and unconstant actings and high failings even in the Parliament it self: And for that it is the due Right and Priviledge of the folk or People of this Nation, to make and choose our and their Laws by an equal Representative in Parliament, as by the aforesaid Coronation Oath and Covenant fully appeareth; Therefore the Right Honorable the Lord Major, Aldermen and Common-Councel of the City of London, do in the Name of the City, First, Humbly offer unto the Right Honorable, The High Court of Parliament assembled at Westminster, this present intituled Paper, called, A Great Agreement of all the People of England and Wales, for their Approbation and Subscription; and that it may thence be dismissed, and forthwith sent into every part of the Land, to be Agreed on, Consented to, and Subscribed by all the Free-born People of the same (above the age of Sixteen) on pain for the Refusers to be excluded and debarred the protection of the Law of the Land; and that all the Subscriptions may be brought in to the present particular Representatives of Parliament, to be Returned and Recorded there for a grand Law forever.

First, We Agree,

I. THat the King, by the Advice of his evil Councel, through usurping and incroaching upon our Freedoms, and by leaving the Parliament, and leavying a War against it, is guilty of all the Blood, vast expence of Treasure, and Ruine that hath been occasioned by these Wars within the Kingdoms of England and Ireland.

II. That if any King of England shall hereafter challenge to himself a Negative Voyce, to the Determinations of the Representative in Parliament; and shall not according to the Duty of his Kingly Office, Consent and Sign all such Laws as the People by their Representative, The Commons of England, from time to time assembling in Parliament, after Consultation had with the Lords therein (when sitting) shall make and choose, may be deposed by the same Parliament: And that what Subject of the Nation that shall assist, or side with him therein, may upon good proof thereof, not onely from thenceforth be deemed and taken for Enemies to the State, and therefore not onely void of the protection of the Laws, but dealt with as in a case of high Treason. And that the particular Representatives do from time to time wholly prosecute and pursue in Parliament all such instructions as the People for whom they are chosen and serve, shall at the day of their Elections and afterwards be required unto. And that no Officer of War, or Member of the Committee of State, shall be chosen into any first next following Parliament, after their discharge thereof.

III. That in all Laws made or to be made, every person may be bound alike; and that no Degree of Lords, Peers of Parliament (now or hereafter assembled) or others, No Tenure, Estate, Charter or Office soever, shall confer any exemption from the ordinary Course of Justice, and Legal Proceedings, whereunto others are subjected.

IV. That our meanings and intentions are, Not to leave our selves lyable to the least of mercy, touching our Freedoms, either of the most Righteous, or evil and unrighteous Princes, (disclaiming confidence in vain man) But knowing that Justice of punishment ought never to be inflicted, but where in Reason it will convert into mercy; and seeing that it hath pleased God, That a Covenant is passed between this Nation and our Brethren of Scotland, whereby mercy is claimed by that Nation on his Majesties behalf: Therefore if the King shall Assent unto this Agreement, that then He may be Proclaimed and Crowned King again. And who (after the first four years in which the Kingdoms Debts may be paid) may in a Parliamentary way have as great an Annual Revenue conferred upon him, as (one year with another of his Reign) was yet ever brought into the Exchequer, notwithstanding those vast illegal sums thereof, raised by the multitude of Monopolies, and destroying usurping Projects, Except what shall be defalked for such Charges as henceforth shall be thought fit to be defrayed by the Parliament, which formerly was done by the King.

V. That all or any person or persons that shall approve, or any way allow of any thing which the King, or any person by or under him have done in this late miserable and destructive War, may be dealt with as in a case of high Treason: And that neither any such who have assisted the King in person or otherwise, and such as have approved of any thing done against the State in the said War, may not sit, or have place in the next Parliament, or Voyces in the Elections thereof.

VI. That if any person or persons whatsoever, that shall any way wilfully endeavor to disgrace (by approbrious speeches) any person or persons for assisting the King in his War against the Parliament, may be bound to the good Behavior, with great Surety for the same; And that no man whatsoever be hereafter questioned for any thing done in reference to the late publique Differences since the year, 1641. further then in execution of the Judgement of this present Parliament.

VII. That a general Revisement may be had of all the Laws and Statutes now in force; and that those intending and relating to the maintenance of Popery, Prelacy, Episcopacy, Superstition, and all Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction or Government, and whatsoever else that wil not best stand with the good of the nation according to this present age, may be Repealed: And that all those that shall be continued unto us, may be put in execution, according to the purity and truth thereof, that the tediousness and long delays formerly exercised therein, as also all undue practice thereof, may be wholly taken away, so as that intended chiefest good for the peaceable well-being of the Commonwealth, may not henceforth be exercised to the great disquieting and wasting of the people, as formerly (even hitherto) it hath done. And that such sure provisions be speedily made, not onely for the hinderance and avoiding of all Vagabonds and Beggars, but for a conscientious and sufficient Relief for all the poor and indigent people, that none may perish with want; as also for the extirpating of Drunkenness and Swearing, upon such high penalties, and ways of incouragement for the prosecutors thereof, as, through God, may wholly take away all those Evils.

VIII. That the Excize may continue but until the present Engagement thereupon be discharged; And that what moneys soever the Parliament shall be necessitated to use, may be raised by Subsidies and Taxes, and such other open and known ways as may be most visible and apparently equal to the whole Commonwealth.

IX. That the people being at this time very unequally distributed for Electing their Representatives, may be more indifferently proportioned; And that not onely every Freeholder, but Copyholder also, that is worth 40 s. per Annum, and every other person that is worth 50 l. personal Estate, may have Voyces in the Election thereof.

X. That the people do of course choose themselves a Parliament once every two years, after the most free and uncontrolable maner, upon pain of high Treason to the Disturbers, over-bearer or over-bearers of any person or persons of the Elections for ever, and to continue by the space of five Moneths, to begin on every first Thursday in every second March; and to begin to sit upon the first Thursday in April then next ensuing, after the dissolution of this; and to continue till the last day of August then next following also, and no longer; and that this may terminate and end before May 1649.

XI. That the Irish may not be still proceeded against, as to execute cruelty for cruelty, but that both they and those other Offendors of our Brethren of England that have not Compounded, may yet Compound, and have such Fines set upon them, and so to be payed, as that with respect unto their conditions, may not ruine and undo them and their posterities, except the Beginners and Fomenters of the War.

XII. That out of every Parliament there may be a Committee of State appointed, consisting of Forty of the Members thereof, six whereof to be out of the City of London, Westminster, and the Borough of Southwark; and the next to be equally proportioned for the several other Counties, Cities and Towns Corporate of England and Wales, to Negotiate in the Intervals of Parliament, of all things given them in charge by the said Parliament.

XIII. That annually there may be an equal Tax in every Parish within the Kingdom of England and Wales, as well of Lands as Goods, proportionable to that of the accustomed Tythes (Impropriations excepted) to be raised, leavied and paid into the hands of one or more Treasurers in every County for that purpose, to be paid and issued forth again to the Teachers in the Word, as cause shall require: And that all Tythes of Impropriations may be bought in at such conscientious Rates as the Committee of State (as hereafter followeth) or Commissioners from them appointed for that purpose shall think most reasonable and meet.

XIV. That whereas God the Creator and Father of Spirits is Omnipotent and unlimited by man, giving to every one a various and different Spirit, of which no man is certainly Master, no, not for a minute, therefore ought Liberty of Conscience to be granted to all godly Conscientious walkers (protesting against the State-destroying Tenents, as to Peace and Freedom) not onely of the Church of Rome, but of Episcopal and all Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction by Courts and Offices for that purpose also; yet the way of instructing the people is referred to the Ministery.

15. That all inslaving Tenures upon Record by Oaths of Fealty, Villanage, Hemage, and Fines at will of the Lords, may all be bought in at such rates as shall not exceed twenty years purchase to the Lord, upon a conscientious computation of profits made according to the Reign of King James.

16. That all the Marish Lands, Fens and Common Pastures, within the Kingdom of England and Wales, may be enclosed and divided, one fourth part to be equally proportioned to the several Tenants of the several Parishes, where such Land lieth; and another fourth part to the Poor of the same; and the other two parts to be divided for, and towards the payment of all the Officers and Souldiers Arrears; To be holden and taken up by Copy of Court-Roll of the proper Lord or Lords of the Soyls, giving and paying the sum of five shillings, per Acre, Fine, for Admittance at every Alienation, Change, and Taking up, by death or otherwise, if the Annual Rent of every Acre be worth so much, or else not to exceed the value thereof; and twelve pence per Acre at the most, or the sixt part of the yearly value for the Annual Rent of all that fourth part divided among the Poor, and six pence per Acre at the most for the other three parts of the yearly Revenue to be proportioned certainly for ever.

17. That his Excellency the Lord General, Lieutenant General Cromwel, the Lord Mayor of our City, the Earl of Northumbirland, the Lord Grey of Grooby, the Lord Wharton, Major General Skippon, Commissary General Ireton, Sir John Potts, Sir William Waller, Sir William Brereton Sir John Maynard, Colonel Harlo, Mr Alderman Fouke, Mr Alderman Gibbs, Mr Fran. Allen, Major General Massey, Col. Wilson, Col. Fleetwood, Col. Harrison, Col. Russel, Sir Arthur Haslerig, Sir Gilbert Pickering, Sir Henry Vane junior, Mr Perpoint, Col. Marten, Col. Rigby, Mr Holland, Sir John Palgrave, Major Wildeman, Lieutenant Colonel Lilburn, Col. Lualow, may be a Committee to continue until the first day of the next Parliament to regulate, place, displace, confirm, commissionate or non-commission all Justices belonging to the Courts of Westminster, with the Officers and Offices thereunto belonging, all Sheriffs of Counties and Justices of Peace, and all other the Officers and Offices whatsoever, formerly occasioned to be granted by his Majesty, whether by usurpation or otherwise: And after the expiration and end of the aforesaid Committee, to be desposed of by succeeding Parliaments or Committees of State: And that his Majesty may degrade all such persons, either in part or in whole, as were the Cause and Beginners of the Wars, or the Continuance thereof; as also to confirm such honors on such worthy Members as have most self-denyingly endeavored our Freedoms, according to the judgment and wisdom of this most excellent and honorable Committee, or the major part thereof. And after the expiration of this Committee, that then all such persons as his Majesty shall for the future dignifie with titles of Honor, as aforesaid, may first have certificate of their Demerits for Services done unto the State, either from the Parliament, or Committee of State, as aforesaid, to signifie the same.

18. That the Earl of Pembrook, the Earl of Denby, the Earl of Kent, Mr Serjeant St. John, Lord chief Justice of the Common Pleas, Mr Serjeant Wylde, Sir Thomas Wydrington, the Lord Lisle, Sir John Danvers, Sir Henry Myldmay, together with his Excellency the Lord General, Lieutenant General Cromwel, the Lord Mayor, with the rest of the Members of the excellent and honorable Committee for the regulating of Offices and Officers, may be the Committee of State for the next ensuing Intervals of Parliament.

19. That all Debts, upon the first Propositions, due upon the Publique Faith, and all other Moneys and Values, lent upon the fifth and twentieth parts, may be satisfied and payd by the Inhabitants in every County within it self, by an equal rate as well of Lands, as Goods, by Commissioners to be chosen within themselves also for that purpose.

20. That henceforth no Free-born person of this Nation be hereafter pressed to serve in the War.

21. That a strict Accompt may be taken of all those persons that have been Treasurers, Receivers, or otherwise any way intrusted with the Treasure of the State.

22. That all the Dean and Chapters Lands may be sold for payment of the Publique Debts, or for what other uses the Parliament shall think fit; and that all the Soldiers of the new Model now in Arms may either be payd by proportions out of the Marish Lands, Fens and Common Pastures; For every Trooper that is behind, and in Arrear for every year (or proportionable according to that time) the sum of four pounds per annum, during his life, without allowance for Free Quarter, and every Footman the sum of fifty shillings per annum, with proportion to time as aforesaid; and if it shall happen that the said Marish Lands, Fens, and Common Pastures will not be sufficient to perform the same, that then it may be made up out of the aforesaid Deans and Chapters Lands: Conditionally provided, That all such, as shall be assigned by the General Councel of the Army for the Service of Ireland, do not refuse the same; but that all such, as shall be dismissed thither, shall have the Fee-simple of the said proportions of Land to them and their heirs for ever: And all others, that shall desire to leave the Wars, and shall be dismissed the Army by the Councel of War also, may forthwith be satisfied their Arrears upon his Excellency’s discharge.

23. That the great Weight and Charge of Ireland may be intrusted in a faithful Committee, consisting of nine at the least, for ordering that high Affair, whereof two to be Members of the City of London.

24. That for the frustrating of the several perilous designs of the many parties, which are now so strongly working to carry on their particular Interests for Ruine and Destruction to us; and for the setling of a firm Peace in this distracted Nation; That after all have subscribed this present Agreement for the maintaining of all our just Right, by the Power and Authority of Parliament, that then all the Parliaments Forces now in the Kingdom may be paid, or else effectually satisfied all their Arrears due unto them; be acquitted of all or any past failings, and forthwith dismissed for Ireland, with all convenient speed, under their present Conduct and Command, except what Forces shall be thought meet for the Garrisons of England and Wales; as also that the Lord General may still be continued with us in his Renowned Command (General of England and Wales) aforesaid; and that Leiutenant General Cromwel may be sent General into Ireland aforesaid, and have the Command of all the Forces for the reducement thereof; and that the Scots there, being put under the Command aforesaid, may then be there equally capable with our own in all benefits, priviledges and profits whatsoever, that our mercy and moderation may be known unto all, and that the Lord is our Councell.